Improving Healthcare Quality & Patient Outcomes

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The SON is home to faculty who are leaders in nursing research to improve healthcare quality and patient outcomes. Researchers in the SON are exploring the relationship between nursing care and patient and system level outcomes. They also are studying factors that may influence the nursing shortage. Through their research in a variety of healthcare settings, they are working to better understand and improve the nursing work environment and to enhance health information systems. The School has an Institutional National Research Service Award from the National Institute of Nursing Research to support doctoral and post-doctoral fellows in the study of Health Care Quality and Patient Outcomes.

Currently funded research studies (studies may be listed in more than one focus area):

A Comparison of Internationally Educated and U.S. Educated Nurses

Considerable literature exists on the immigration of internationally educated nurses (IENs) and their use in filling staffing vacancies in U.S. healthcare organizations (HCOs), but little information exists to guide the development and implementation of policies that promote the… Read more »

Adapting Natural Language Processing Tools for BioSurveillance

Early detection of disease outbreaks can decrease patient morbidity and mortality and minimize the spread of diseases. Early detection requires accurate classification of patient symptoms early in the course of their illness. One approach is biosurveillance, in which electronic … Read more »

Community-based Dementia Care for Older Adults

Anna Beeber’s goals for the training program are: 1) to gain experience in conducting multidisciplinary research, 2) to examine family management of dementia care, and 3) to determine how care practices address specific older adult and caregiver risk factors for nursing home placem… Read more »

Developing Best Nursing Practices in Assisted Living

Assisted living (AL) provides housing and services for close to a million older adults in the United States, and next to nursing homes, AL settings are the largest provider of long-term care. AL settings, care can be provided by nurses or by direct care workers (DCW) who are unlice… Read more »

End-of-Life Care After Severe Fetal Diagnosis

The diagnosis of severe (lethal or life-limiting) fetal defects confronts pregnant women, their partners and their health care providers with the devastating paradox of the end-of-life at the beginning of life. The increasing routine use of prenatal testing has increased the nu… Read more »

Examination of Management of Ethical Issues in Free-Standing Dialysis Facilities

Dialysis is central to survival for more than 548,000 Americans with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The ESRD population is ever growing, yet we have no data on how clinicians at dialysis facilities manage ethical challenges, such as balancing the needs of one disruptive patient ag… Read more »

Guiding Mothers to Co-Regulate Oral Feeding with Very Preterm Infants

The goal of the proposed research is to extend an innovative and successful nurse-delivered feeding intervention for very preterm infants (VP) to one delivered by mothers. Up to one-third of VP infants (≤30 weeks gestational age) will develop significant feeding problems during … Read more »

Mapping Multidimensional Illness Trajectories of Patients with End-Stage Kidney Disease

The number of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring maintenance dialysis is increasing rapidly in the U.S. ESKD is typically accompanied by multiple comorbidities, including other organ failure. Complications are common, and they undermine survival and quality of … Read more »

Nursing Staffing, Financial Performance and Quality of Care

This competitive renewal will examine the impact of the California minimum nurse staffing legislation on nurse staffing, hospital financial performance, quality of care and nurse wages. To do this, we will use a longitudinal sample of hospitals in 13 states and a comparison-grou… Read more »

Spiraling Upward for Nurse Retention & Quality Care

The Purpose: This ground-breaking project will help rural hospitals in underserved counties in PA enhance patient care delivery systems through improving the retention of nurses and the quality of patient care directly related to nursing activities. The project will benefit rural a… Read more »