Gwen Sherwood, PhD, RN, FAAN

Professor Emerita


The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
School of Nursing
Carrington Hall, CB #7460
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7460

Gwen D. Sherwood, PhD, RN, FAAN was a Professor and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing. Her program of scholarship evolved from a model for caring relationships which led to examination of patient satisfaction with pain management, particularly from a multicultural perspective and the development of a Spanish Language tool, the Houston Pain Outcome Instrument. She also applied the caring model to spiritual dimensions of care and the impact on healthy work environments and helped develop the Methodist Caring Tool to examine patient satisfaction with caring. Through her work at the University of Texas at Houston School of Nursing she was co-investigator with the Medical School’s Center for Patient Safety to examine teamwork as a variable in patient safety.

Dr. Sherwood is co-investigator on Phases I, II, III, and IV of the award winning Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) initiative funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to transform nursing curriculum to prepare nurses in quality and safety for redesigned health care systems. She was a nursing leader for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University Inter-professional Patient Safety Education Collaborative to measure effectiveness of teaching modalities for interdisciplinary teamwork training involving nursing and medical students. She participates in the annual Telluride Science Institute on interprofessional education with the University of Illinois at Chicago and is a member of the National Patient Safety Foundation Research Committee. She has been a leader in developing nursing education across borders, working with nursing faculty in China, Thailand, Macau, Mexico, England and Kenya.

She is Past President of the International Association for Human Caring and served two terms as Vice President of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society for Nursing.

Selected Publications

Sherwood, G. & Horton-Deutsch, S. (Eds.) (2012). Reflective Practice: Transforming Education and Improving Outcomes. Indianapolis: Sigma Theta Tau Press.

Sherwood, G. & Barnsteiner, J. (Eds). (2012). Quality and safety in nursing: A competency approach to improving outcomes. Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.

Freshwater, D, Taylor, B, & Sherwood, G (Eds) (2008). International textbook of reflective practice in nursing.  Oxford: Blackwell Publishing & Sigma Theta Tau Press.


Articles in Refereed Journals

Wang, H., Sherwood, G. & Liu, H. (2013, in review). Evaluation of the Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R) in Chinese Postoperative Patients. Journal Pain.

Smith-Miller, C., Berry, D., Leeman, J., Dewalt, D. & Sherwood, G. (2013, in review). Type 2 Diabetes: An Exploration of Self-Management Practices Among Spanish-speaking Hispanic Immigrants. Nursing Research.

Sherwood, G. & Shaffer, F., (2013, in review). The Role of International Educated Nurses in a Quality Safe Work Force. Nursing Outlook, Special Topic Issue.

Sherwood, G. & Zomorodi, M. (2013, in review). A New Mindset for Quality and Safety: The  QSEN Competencies Redefine Nurses’ Roles in Practice. Journal of Nephrology Nursing.

Keller-Unger, J., Bergstrom, N., Smout, R., Sherwood, G. & Triolo, P. (2013, in review). An exploratory model of skillful engagement in nursing practice. Journal of Research in Nursing.

Sherwood, G. (2011). Integrating quality and safety science in nursing education and practice. Journal of Research in Nursing. 16(3)226-240. DOI:10:1177/1744987111400960.

Simmons, D. & Sherwood, G. (2010). Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Emergency Department Nurses’ Descriptions of Working Together: Building Team Relationships to Improve Safety. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 22 (2) 253-260

Hobgood, C., Sherwood, G., Frush, K., Hollar, D., Maynard, L., Foster, B., Sawning, S., Woodyard, D., Durham, C., Wright, M., Taekman, J.  on behalf of the Interprofessional Patient Safety Education Collaborative (2010). Teamwork training with nursing and medical students: Does the method matter? Results of an interinstitutional interdidsciplinary collaboration. Quality and Safety in Health Care 19; 1-6 originally published online April 27,  2010; doi: 10.1136/qshc.2008.031732

Gordon, D, Polomano, R, Pellino, T, Turk, D, McCracken, L, Sherwood, G., et al. (2010). Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R) for Quality Improvement of Pain Management in Hospitalized Adults – Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation. Journal of Pain.  11(11):1172-1186.  First published on-line April 2010

Smith-Miller, C., Ashley L., Harlan, C., Dieckmann, J. & Sherwood, G. (2010). Leaving the comfort of the familiar: Fostering cultural awareness through short-term global experiences. Nursing Forum. 45(1):18-28.

Cronenwett, L., Sherwood, G. & Gelmon, S. (2009). Improving quality and safety education: The QSEN Learning Collaborative. Nursing Outlook. 57(6), 304-312.

Cronenwett, L., Sherwood, G., Pohl, J, Barnsteiner, J., Moore, S., Taylor Sullivan, D., Ward, D. & Warren, J. (2009). Quality and Safety Education for Advanced Practice Nursing Practice. Nursing Outlook. 57(6), 338-348.

Horton-Deutsch, S. & Sherwood, G. (2008). Reflection: An educational strategy to develop emotionally competent nurse leaders. Journal of Nursing Management. December 16 (8), 946-954.

Durham, C. & Sherwood, G (2008). Education to bridge the quality gap: A case study approach. Journal of Urologic Nursing, Special Topic Issue on Quality. 28(6), 431-438.

Qu, S, Zheng, L, Sherwood, G, &McNeil, J. (2008). Pain management outcome in Chinese patients. Western Journal of Nursing Research. December 2008, 30,975-990. Posted July 8, 2008

Sherwood, G & Drenkard, K. (2007).  Quality and safety curricula in nursing education: Matching practice realities. Nursing Outlook 55(3), 151-155.

Cronenwett, L., Sherwood, G., Barnsteiner, J., Disch, J., Johnson, J., Mitchell, P., Taylor Sullivan, D. & Warren, J. (2007). Quality and safety education for nurses.  Nursing Outlook 55(3), 122-131.

Smith E, Cronenwett L.& Sherwood G, (2007). Quality and safety education: Prelicensure nursing educator views. Nursing Outlook 55(3), 132-137.

Sherwood, G. (2006). Appreciative Leadership: Building Customer Driven Partnerships.         JONA. 36(12), 551-7.

Freshwater, D., Sherwood, G., & Drury, V. (2006).  International research collaboration: Issues, benefits, and challenges of the global network. Journal of Research in Nursing 11(4), 295-303.

Sherwood, G, Liu, H, & Hsu, L. (March, 2005). Developing role delineation in graduate nursing education. Chinese Journal ofNursing Education. 2(1), 29-32.

Sherwood, G. D., Liu, H., & Hsu, L. (2005). Graduate education to develop clinical specialty roles in population based health care. Chinese Journal of Nursing Administration. In print.

Sherwood, G., McNeill, J., Hernandez, L., Penarrieta, I., Peterson, J. (2005). A multinational study of pain management among Hispanics. An evidence-based approach.          Journal of Research in Nursing 10, 403-423.

Sherwood, G., & Liu, H. (2005). International collaboration for developing graduate education in China. NursingOutlook, 53(1), 15-20.

Sherwood, G. & Mantesso, J. (2005). Caring for self: A prerequisite of caring for others. International Journal forHuman Caring. (Mentor and Commentary of Student paper). 9(3), 76-77.

McNiel, N., Mackey, T., & Sherwood, G. (2004). Quality and customer service aspects of faculty practice. Nursing Outlook, 52(4), 189-196.

Thomas, E., Sherwood, G., Mulhollem, J., Sexton, J., & Helmreich, R. (2004). Working together in the neonatal intensive care unit: Provider perspectives. Journal of Perinatology, 24, 552-559.

McNeill, J., Sherwood, G., & Starck, P. (2004). The hidden error of mismanaged pain: A systems approach. Journal of  Pain and Symptom Management, 25(1), 47-58.

McNeill, J., Sherwood, G., Starck, P., Palos, G., Disnard, G. & Rodriguez, T. (Fall 2003). Design strategies in pain management research with Hispanics. Hispanic Health Care International, 2(2), 73-80.

Thomas, E., Sherwood, G., & Helmreich, R. (September/October 2003). Lessons from aviation: Teamwork to improve Patient safety. Nursing Economics, 21(5), 241-243.

Sherwood, G. (September/October 2003). Leadership for a healthy work environment: Caring for the human spirit. Nurse Leader, 1(5), 36-40.

Sherwood, G., McNeill, J., Palos, G., & Starck, P. (2003) Perspectives on pain: A qualitative analysis of the Hispanic pain experience. Nursing Times Research, 8(5), 364-377.

Wolf, Z., Freshwater, D., Miller, M., Jones, R. & Sherwood, G. (2003). A standard of care for caring: A Delphi  study. International Journal for Human Caring, 7(1), 34-42.

Sherwood, G., McNeill, J., Starck, P. & Disnard, G. (2003). Changing acute pain management outcomes in surgical patients. AORN Journal, 77(2), 374-395.

Sherwood, G., Thomas, E., Simmons, D. & Lewis, P. (2002). A teamwork model to promote patient safety in critical care. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 14, 333-340.

Thompson, C., Adams-McNeill, J, Sherwood, G. & Starck, P. (2001). Using collaborative research to facilitate student learning. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 23(5), 504-516.

Starck, P., Sherwood, G., Adams-McNeill, J. & Thomas, E. (2001). Identifying and addressing medical errors in Pain Mismanagement. Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement, 27(4), 191-199.

Adams-McNeill, J., Sherwood, G., Starck, P. & Nieto, B. (2001). Pain management outcomes for hospitalized Hispanic patients. Pain Management Nursing, 2(1), 25-36.

Sherwood, G., Adams-McNeill, J., Starck, P., Nieto, B., & Thompson, C. (2000). Qualitative assessment of hospitalized patients’ satisfaction with pain management. Research in Nursing & Health, 23, 486-495.

Cohen, M., Headley, J., & Sherwood, G. (2000). Spirituality and bone marrow transplantation: When faith is stronger than fear. International Journal for Human Caring, 4(2), 41-48.

Starck, P., Adams-McNeill, J., Sherwood, G. & Thompson, C. (2000). What nursing administrators need to know: Pain management report cards. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 24(3), 78-81.

Adams-McNeill, J.Starck, P., & Sherwood, G. (2000). Pain management outcomes: Issues for advanced practice nurses. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice 2000, 4(1). iuicode88.4.1.5, 12 pps.

Sherwood, G. (2000). The power of nurse-client encounters: Interpreting spiritual themes. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 18(2), 159-175.

Hawkins, V. & Sherwood, G. (1999). The pyramid model: An integrated approach for evaluating continuing education programs and outcomes. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 30(5), 203-212.

Sherwood, G., (1999). Meta-synthesis: Merging qualitative studies to develop nursing knowledge. International Journal for Human Caring, 3(1), 37-42.

Adams, J., Sherwood, G.,  Starck, P. L., & Thompson, C. J. (1998). Assessing clinical outcomes: Patient satisfaction with pain management. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 16(1), 29-40.

Starck, P. L., Adams, J., Sherwood, G., & Thompson, C. (1997). Development of a pain management report card for an acute care setting. Advanced Practice Nursing Quarterly, 3(2), 57-63.

Sherwood, G. (1997). Nurse practitioner descriptions of primary care centers: Opportunities for ownership.Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 9(10), 463-469.

Sherwood G.,  Brown, M., Fay, V., & Wardell, D. (1997). Defining nurse practitioner scope of practice; Expanding primary care services. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice, 1(2). . Published July 1, 1997.

Sherwood, G., (1997, Summer). Meta-synthesis of qualitative analyses of caring: Defining a therapeutic model of nursing. Advanced Practice Nursing Quarterly, 3 (1), 32-42.)

Sherwood, G. (1997). Patterns of caring: The healing connection of interpersonal harmony. International Journal for Human Caring, 1(1), 30-38.

Adams, J., Kotarba, J., Sherwood, G., & Engebretson, J. (1996). An ethnographic assessment of an academic nursing center. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 8(8), 365-371.

Sherwood, G. (1996). Nurse administrators’ perceptions of the impact of continuing nursing education in underserved areas. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 27(3), 124-130.

Sherwood, G. (1995). Creating change through partnership: Developing continuing education resources in rural areas. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 15(2), 101-106.

Sherwood, G. (1995). The chemistry of nurses’ caring: A model for humane health care. Humane Medicine: A Journal of the Art and Science of Medicine, 11(2), 62-65.

Sherwood, G. (1994). Educational outreach in a rural underserved area. NursingConnections, 7(2), 5-15.

Armstrong, M. & Sherwood, G. (1994). Site coordinators: A critical component in providing quality nursing education at distance sites. Journal of Nursing Education, 33(3), 175-177.

Sherwood, G., Armstrong, M., & Bond, M.L. (1994). Distance education programs: Defining issues of assessment, accessibility, and accommodation. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 25(6), 251-257.

Duchin, S. & Sherwood, G. (1990). Posters as an educational strategy. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 21(5), 205-208.

Sherwood, G. (1990). Planning an educational activity: From idea to implementation. AORN Journal, 51(6), 1586-1590.

Selected External Funding


Sherwood, G. Co-Principal Investigator, (Cronenwett, L., Principal Investigator).  Graduate Education: Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Phase IV.  Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 2011-2012.

Sherwood, G.,Co-Principal Investigator (Cronenwett, L., Principal Investigator).  Developing a Nursing School Curriculum on Quality and Safety, Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Phase III.  Robert Wood Johnson Foundation  2009-2011.

Sherwood, G., Co-Investigator, Cronenwett, L.,  Principal Investigator.  Quality and Safety Education for Nurse Phase II.  Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.  2007-2008.

Sherwood, G., Steering Committee, Nursing Leader; Project Team.,  Roper, PI.  Measuring the Teaching Methods for Interdisciplinary Team Training. GlaxoSmithKline to University of North Carolina and Duke University Schools of Nursing and Medicine. 2006-2008.

Sherwood, G., Co-Investigator, Cronenwett, L.. Principal Investigator.   Quality and Safety Education for Nurses. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.  2005-2006.

Sherwood, G., Co-Investigator, Thomas, E, Principal Investigator. Centers of Excellence for Patient Safety Research and Practice: Translating Safety Practices from Aviation to Healthcare, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.(2001-2006).

Sherwood, G., Co-Investigator, Thomas, E., Principal Investigator. Teamwork and error in neonatal intensive care. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.(2000-2002).

Sherwood, G., Co-Investigator, Adams-McNeill, J., Principal Investigator, (Sherwood, G., Starck, P., & Palos, G, Co-Investigators), A Spanish outcome measure of acute pain management. Academic Research Enhancement Award, $112,000, (1998-2000).

Training and Educational Grants

Sherwood, G. (Director). Summer Educator Development: Reflective Practice. Thai Ministry of Public Health. 2013.

Sherwood, G. (PI). Telluride Patient Safety Summer Camp for Nursing and Medical Students. The Doctors Company Foundation. 2013.

Sherwood, G. (PI, Subcontract). Oppewal, S., Durham, C.. FunzoKenya. Health Professions Training Grant. IntraHealth, Inc (PI: L. Shamlin). USAID. 2012-2015.

Sherwood, G. (Director). Summer Educator Development: Reflective Practice. Thai Ministry of Public Health. 2012.

Sherwood, G., Global Work Force: Impact of Nurse Migration. Title VI, Center for Global Initiatives.

Mayer, D. (Principal Investigator), Valenta, A., Sherwood, G (Co-Investigator & Senior Faculty). Smith, K., & Greenspan, B. A Workshop to Transform Mindsets: Quality and Safety Education for the Health Professions.AHRQ. 2010.