Areas of Expertise
As part of one of the nation’s most prolific public research institutions, Carolina’s School of Nursing is proud to support our researchers who work across scientific and clinical disciplines to drive the kind of innovation and discovery that improves health and promotes health equity at patient, family and community levels.
The School’s programs of research focus on preventing and managing chronic conditions across the life span and fall under the following six general headings:
From idea generation through the publication of groundbreaking results, researchers are engaging partners outside the University – patients, families, clinicians, organizations, communities, policy makers, and other stakeholders – to design and improve health care interventions that make a difference in people’s lives.
Researchers are investigating the factors that increase the risk of poor health outcomes in populations that are vulnerable due to their race and/or ethnicity, sex or gender, lack of health insurance, low income, rural location or cognitive status. Understanding and addressing preventable differences is critical to creating health equity.
Parents, spouses, and other family members play a central role in determining an individual’s health and in their management of a chronic illness. Conversely, an individual’s illness often affects the wellbeing of their family. Researchers are studying the role of the family and developing family-focused interventions to prevent and manage chronic illness.
Structural-, socio-cultural-, and individual-level factors interactively, often synergistically influence health outcomes and effect how one experiences living with a chronic illness. The interaction of these multilevel factors may contribute to the clustering of risk factors and illnesses (i.e., syndemics) within a population. Researchers are investigating and developing interventions to address the multi-level factors that contribute to illness and to combinations of illnesses. Research addresses the interaction of factors that promote or impede health at the biobehavioral, family, community, health care system, and policy levels.
To translate leading-edge discoveries into practice, researchers are developing the methods needed to accelerate the implementation of evidence-based findings into real world settings so they can improve people’s lives.
By accounting for an individual’s genetic, biological, and behavioral characteristics in their responses to illness and health, these researchers develop personalized approaches to preventing and managing symptoms, including palliative care and end-of-life care.