Associate professor Shawn Kneipp has been awarded a grant from the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities and a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for research focused on the relationship between population health and public institutions, such as the labor market or criminal justice system. For both projects, Dr. Kneipp will lead a transdisciplinary team of collaborators from UNC and community-partner agencies.
In the first project, Modeling Criminal History Effects on Women’s Health, Dr. Kneipp, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, APHN-BC, FAANP, and her team will focus on how the criminal justice system, the welfare system, and the labor market interact to affect health. Disadvantaged women are more likely to have a criminal record history and have persistently poor health compared to women who have more resources. Dr. Kneipp plans to study exactly how lack of access to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and/or an inability to find a job due to a criminal record contributes to the poor health of disadvantaged women. The work of her research group could lead to public health-oriented interventions that reduce poor health outcomes for women who have a criminal history.
For her second project, Evaluation of Work-Related Outcomes Effects of the Chronic Disease Self-Management (CDSMP) Program, Dr. Kneipp and her colleagues will determine how effective the CDSMP is for lower-wage working adults. An evidence-based community program, CDSMP was designed to give people who have chronic conditions the skills they need to manage their condition. In collaboration with the UNC-CH Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Dr. Kneipp’s research team will examine how CDSMP affects employment and health outcomes for working adults in North Carolina. They will conduct an economic evaluation of the program to determine how cost effective it is for employers, the health care system, and state governments. They will also assess outreach and implementation efforts as part of their work to develop a toolkit for agencies that could extend the reach of the program.
Co-investigators for the criminal history project include: Donna Gilleskie, PhD, professor at the UNC-CH economics department; Amanda Sheely, PhD, lecturer at the London School of Economics; and the SON’s own Todd Schwartz, DrPh. Community partners include Robert Gilmore from the Orange County Department of Social Services and Daryl Atkinson, JD, who is a staff attorney for the Southern Coalition for Social Justice.
Co-investigators for the CDSMP project include: Laura Linnan, SCD, professor at the UNC-CH Gillings School of Global Public Health (SPH) and director of the Carolina Collaborative for Research on Work and Health; Dr. Ziya Gizlice, director of the Biostatistical Support Unit at the UNC-CH Center for Health Promotion & Disease Prevention; Justin Trogdon, associate professor the SPH; Mary Flaherty, assistant professor at the UNC-CH School of Information and Library Sciences; and Matthew Smith, assistant professor, University of Georgia College of Public Health. Community partners include: Public Library and Community College Systems – Durham, Wake, & Cumberland Counties; North Carolina Department of Health & Human Services, Division of Aging & Adult Services; and North Carolina Association of Workforce Development Boards.